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Standby Generators & UPS Backup Batteries

standby generators 8kw

Standby generator immediately kicks on when power is needed. This model provides up to 8 kW of power.  Photo: GE

It’s estimated that U.S. families lose power in the homes an average of five times every year. Of course, because of extreme weather, certain regions have power outages far more often. Loss of power in homes is costly and can be dangerous if a power outage cuts off access to food, water, and communications.

In some parts of the country, power outages are so common that they are a fact of life in both summer and winter. People who live in an area that has frequent outages may want to opt for a more expensive device that will maintain necessary power automatically. Standby generators and UPS backup batteries are a couple of options.

 

Standby Generators

A standby generator is a permanent form of the more familiar portable emergency generator. Standby generators are stationary appliances that are permanently positioned outside the house and hooked up to both a power source, such as propane or natural gas, and electrical lines that connect with the home’s electrical panel. When a power outage occurs, the standby generator automatically turns on and supplies power to selected electrical circuits. Unlike portable generators, standby generators don’t require set-up during an emergency outage. In fact, you don’t even need to be home for one to swing into action immediately.

Generac standby generator

Modestly-sized standby generator supplies 7 kW of power. Photo: Generac

A standby generator also supplies more power than a portable model. Rather than just powering a refrigerator, TV, and a few important lights, it can operate power many lights and appliances. How many depends upon the capacity of the model you buy. Smaller units will power a refrigerator, lights, and the garage door operator. Higher-wattage units can run air conditioning units, lights, and much more.

As a rule, high-capacity standby generators tend to be quite large, but the trend is toward smaller units. For example, Generac makes the PowerPact generator, which supplies 7 kW of power and can be placed within 18 inches of a house; it costs about $1900. GE Generator Systems offers a fairly small unit that powers up to 8 high-wattage devices. Both of these have a special power management system delivers electricity to highest priority appliances first.

Installing a standby generator is a job for a professional electrician, who will install a subpanel and a transfer switch near your electrical service panel. A model that supplies power to about half of a medium-sized house typically costs between $5,000 and $10,000 installed.

 

UPS Backup Batteries

Backup battery power is another option. Because it does not burn gas, an uninterruptible power supply (UPS) can be installed inside the home. (Small versions of these are commonly used for supplying power to computers during minor power outages.) During an outage, battery power automatically takes over. How long it can run, and how much power it can supply, depends on the size of the unit, which typically costs between $15,000 and $30,000. It should be installed by a specialist.

 

Standby Generators & UPS Backup Batteries

standby generators 8kw

Standby generator immediately kicks on when power is needed. This model provides up to 8 kW of power.  Photo: GE

It’s estimated that U.S. families lose power in the homes an average of five times every year. Of course, because of extreme weather, certain regions have power outages far more often. Loss of power in homes is costly and can be dangerous if a power outage cuts off access to food, water, and communications.

In some parts of the country, power outages are so common that they are a fact of life in both summer and winter. People who live in an area that has frequent outages may want to opt for a more expensive device that will maintain necessary power automatically. Standby generators and UPS backup batteries are a couple of options.

 

Standby Generators

A standby generator is a permanent form of the more familiar portable emergency generator. Standby generators are stationary appliances that are permanently positioned outside the house and hooked up to both a power source, such as propane or natural gas, and electrical lines that connect with the home’s electrical panel. When a power outage occurs, the standby generator automatically turns on and supplies power to selected electrical circuits. Unlike portable generators, standby generators don’t require set-up during an emergency outage. In fact, you don’t even need to be home for one to swing into action immediately.

Generac standby generator

Modestly-sized standby generator supplies 7 kW of power. Photo: Generac

A standby generator also supplies more power than a portable model. Rather than just powering a refrigerator, TV, and a few important lights, it can operate power many lights and appliances. How many depends upon the capacity of the model you buy. Smaller units will power a refrigerator, lights, and the garage door operator. Higher-wattage units can run air conditioning units, lights, and much more.

As a rule, high-capacity standby generators tend to be quite large, but the trend is toward smaller units. For example, Generac makes the PowerPact generator, which supplies 7 kW of power and can be placed within 18 inches of a house; it costs about $1900. GE Generator Systems offers a fairly small unit that powers up to 8 high-wattage devices. Both of these have a special power management system delivers electricity to highest priority appliances first.

Installing a standby generator is a job for a professional electrician, who will install a subpanel and a transfer switch near your electrical service panel. A model that supplies power to about half of a medium-sized house typically costs between $5,000 and $10,000 installed.

 

UPS Backup Batteries

Backup battery power is another option. Because it does not burn gas, an uninterruptible power supply (UPS) can be installed inside the home. (Small versions of these are commonly used for supplying power to computers during minor power outages.) During an outage, battery power automatically takes over. How long it can run, and how much power it can supply, depends on the size of the unit, which typically costs between $15,000 and $30,000. It should be installed by a specialist.

 

Setting Up a Portable Generator

Most portable emergency generators require a modest amount of assembly, including installing wheels. You will also need to add oil of the type recommended by the manufacturer. In general, if you expect to use the generator in cold weather, add 5W-30 oil; for running in moderate to hot weather, use 10W-30. Also be sure to use the recommended type of fuel—for instance, many models call for unleaded gasoline with an octane rating of 85 or higher and no more than 10% ethanol.

Be sure to have high-quality extension cords on hand. This one is a 100-foot 10/3-gauge with a power block. Photo: Coleman

Also, plan ahead. Remember that It will be much easier to do all the gathering of equipment and set-up when you have power—especially if an outage should occur after dark. Before you need to run the generator, plan where you will place it in the event of an outage, and determine where you will run the extension cords.

Never run a gas motor inside the home—it produces noxious carbon monoxide fumes that can be deadly. It can be run outside on a patio or driveway, in a shed or other outbuilding, or in a well-ventilated garage (with windows or the garage door open).

Also be aware that the generator’s noise can be irritating so, if possible, place the appliance out of earshot. Don’t plan to put the generator where it might be vulnerable to rain. Though generators can run for a short while in light mist, a downpour may render them inoperable.

Make a list of the appliances and lights you want to power in case of a power outage, and add up their wattages to make sure you will not overload the generator. Test the lengths of extension cords to be sure they will reach where you need them to and store them near the generator. Store plenty of gasoline or other fuels in safe containers that are easy to access.

Be sure to use heavy-duty extension cords, not lightweight household cords. Cords should, at a minimum, have 12-gauge wire; 10 gauge or thicker is preferable. Make sure all the cords are in sound condition, with no nicks in the insulation or exposed bare wire.

Do not attempt to hook up a portable generator to your home’s service panel. This type of generator is designed to supply a limited amount of power via extension cords. If you want a system that automatically supplies power during an outage, hire a professional to install a standby generator (see Alternatives to a Portable Emergency Generator).

If you want your generator to supply power to certain receptacles and appliances in your home without the need for multiple extension cords, have an electrician install a transfer switch in the home’s main service panel. After this transfer switch is installed, you just plug the generator into it to supply power to designated electrical circuits. Be aware that the generator will feed power to everything that is connected to those circuits, so you may have power delivered to certain appliances or lights that you don’t need to use.

Buy Portable Generators at Amazon

A Portable Generator Can Save You When the Power Goes Out

When the electrical power goes out during a major storm or utility company outage, many of us realize just how reliant we are on electricity. Electricity, after all, provides light and powers just about every appliance and technology device in our homes. As a result, without electrical power, our homes become little more than shelter. We sit in the dark, imagining our frozen foods thawing and praying for longer cell phone and laptop battery life .

[media-credit name=”DuroStar” align=”alignright” width=”250″]portable generator[/media-credit]

This is why emergency generators make sense. Generators can supply enough power to keep our households operating until the electricity returns. Having a portable electrical generator on hand in the event of a major power outage can help your family weather the storm. Having a some electrical power may allow you to have a couple of lights, refrigeration, hot water from a gas water heater, and a working gas furnace.

In this article, you’ll find information that will help you make smart choices about emergency electrical generators and other devices that can keep the electric power operating. In addition, you’ll get help with basic set-up, care, and maintenance.

For information about standby generators, which are a permanent, high-capacity version of the more common emergency generator, please see Alternatives to Emergency Generators.

Buying the Best Portable Emergency Generator

small portable generator

[/media-credit] Small portable generator goes wherever power is needed.

If you live in an area where power outages are rare but sometimes do occur, a portable emergency generator may be all the investment you need. It can keep the freezer and refrigerator running or enable you to turn on some lights and run a microwave and a computer so you can survive for days without any serious losses.

Choose a generator made specifically for household use rather than a worksite or camping generator. Consider how much power and what sorts of plugs you will need. Also consider the quality of the machine and how easy it will be to start and maintain.

Buy [easyazon_link keywords=”Portable Electrical Generators” locale=”US” tag=”hometips”]Portable Electrical Generators[/easyazon_link] at Amazon

Generator Considerations

Here are the features you should consider when making a choice:

Amount of Power a Generator Will Deliver

Generators are sized according to the number of watts of electrical power they deliver. In addition to the power a generator supplies while in constant running mode, a generator also should supply short bursts of “surge” power, which is needed for a few seconds to start up a large appliance such as a refrigerator or a clothes dryer.

A small generator delivers 3,000 to 4,000 watts—enough to supply a medium-sized refrigerator, a few appliances, a TV, and some lights. If you want a more civilized life, up the wattage to 5,000 to 6,000 watts and you’ll be able to add a window air conditioner or two, a freezer, and more appliances. Large generators that deliver 7,000 to 10,000 watts enable you to run just about everything in a medium-sized house, minus a central air conditioning system.

portable generator controls

[/media-credit] Pay attention to the amount and type of outputs and controls a generator offers.

Type & Number of Electrical Plugs a Generator Has

A small portable generator may have only 12-volt plugs, suitable for standard extension cords and able to run lights and small to mid-sized appliances. If you need to power a 240-volt appliance, be sure the generator has a suitable plug. If you will plug the generator into the home via a transfer switch (see Standby Generators & UPS Backup Batteries), there must be a special four-slotted plug that supplies both 120 and 240 volts.

Type of Fuel that Will Power the Generator

Most inexpensive generators run only on gasoline or diesel fuel and may have a fuel tank that holds only enough to last a couple of hours. Choose a model that has a tank large enough so it can run through most of the night. Also consider generators that can convert to connect to a propane tank or to the house’s natural gas lines.

Generator’s Motor & Starting Method

Some low-end generators start using a pull rope that you yank as you would an old-fashioned lawn mower. Higher-end models have battery-powered electrical starters. Obviously, pushing a starter button is much easier than yanking a rope. Also consider what is needed to keep them operational. Some motors must be started and run for a few minutes every month or two, while others can go for a year or two without running.

Generator’s Grounding Method

Nearly all modern generators do not need to be grounded (connected to a grounding rod driven into the earth or to a metal water pipe). For safety, check the owner’s manual to ensure the model you choose does not need to be grounded.

Get a Pre-Screened Local Generator Installation Pro

Helpful video

Following is a Consumer Reports video that is very helpful in gaining an overview when shopping for a generator.



Setting Up a Portable Generator

Most portable emergency generators require a modest amount of assembly, including installing wheels. You will also need to add oil of the type recommended by the manufacturer. In general, if you expect to use the generator in cold weather, add 5W-30 oil; for running in moderate to hot weather, use 10W-30. Also be sure to use the recommended type of fuel—for instance, many models call for unleaded gasoline with an octane rating of 85 or higher and no more than 10% ethanol.

extension cord for portable generator

[/media-credit] Be sure to have high-quality extension cords on hand. This one is a 100-foot 10/3-gauge with a power block.

Plan Ahead

Remember that It will be much easier to do all the gathering of equipment and set-up when you have power—especially if an outage should occur after dark. Before you need to run the generator, plan where you will place it in the event of an outage, and determine where you will run the [easyazon_link keywords=”heavy duty contractor extension cords” locale=”US” tag=”hometips”]extension cords[/easyazon_link]. Make a list of the appliances and lights you want to power in case of a power outage, and add up their wattages to make sure you will not overload the generator.

Never run a gas motor inside the home—it produces noxious carbon monoxide fumes that can be deadly. It can be run outside on a patio or driveway, in a shed or other outbuilding, or in a well-ventilated garage (with windows or the garage door open).

Also be aware that the generator’s noise can be irritating so, if possible, place the appliance out of earshot. Don’t plan to put the generator where it might be vulnerable to rain. Though generators can run for a short while in light mist, a downpour may render them inoperable.

Test Your Gear

Test the lengths of extension cords to be sure they will reach where you need them to and store them near the generator. Store plenty of gasoline or other fuels in safe containers that are easy to access.

Be sure to use heavy-duty extension cords, not lightweight household cords. Cords should, at a minimum, have 12-gauge wire; 10 gauge or thicker is preferable. Check the cords for condition, with no nicks in the insulation or exposed bare wire.

The Electrical Service Panel

Do not attempt to hook up a portable generator to your home’s electrical service panel. This type of generator is designed to supply a limited amount of power via extension cords. If you want a system that automatically supplies power during an outage, hire a professional to install a standby generator (see Alternatives to a Portable Emergency Generator).

If you want your generator to supply power to certain receptacles and appliances in your home without the need for multiple extension cords, have an electrician install a transfer switch in the home’s main service panel. After installing this transfer switch, you just plug the generator into it to supply power to designated electrical circuits. Only plug-in the appliances and lights that you want to use.

How to Run an Emergency Generator

Before running an emergency generator, read the article Setting Up a Portable Generator (above). If you take the steps suggested in that article, you’ll be much better prepared to get the generator up and running quickly and easily.

running a portable generator

[/media-credit] To make sure your generator will start when you need it, maintain it in good shape and keep fresh gasoline on hand.

When setting up the generator, check the oil and fuel levels and top them off as needed. Roll the generator to the dry, well-ventilated place that you’ve chosen, and gather together the various extension cords you’ll need.

Start the generator before you attach the extension cords. Plug in the cords and then run them into the house. Though the cords can get wet, keep any connections—for example, where you plug together two cords—dry. Adjust the motor’s speed as needed to sustain the appliances or lighting you want to power.

Consult your owner’s manual to determine how long the motor will run before you need to refuel so you can anticipate the need to refuel. When you do refuel, first turn off the motor and unplug the cords. Wait a few minutes for the motor to cool down before adding the fuel.

If the power outage might last days rather than hours, plan your energy usage so you can give the motor a rest. Run the refrigerator or freezer only sporadically, and keep its door closed as much as possible.

If possible, run a generator only one- quarter to one-half of the time. You might, for example, turn it off when everyone has gone to bed. Exceptions include a sump pump that needs to run continuously to clear out water in the basement or a furnace or gas boiler needed to heat the house on very cold nights.

Maintaining a Portable Generator

Nothing is more frustrating during a power outage than wheeling out your portable emergency generator only to discover that it won’t run.

cover for portable generator

[/media-credit] A sturdy cover can protect your generator when it sits unused for long periods.

Keeping a generator operable through the weeks or months when you don’t need it is critical. If you typically use your generator only once in a blue moon, strongly consider buying a cover for it to protect it from weather and debris.

First, consult the owner’s manual for proper maintenance directions so you can be confident the motor will start up when you need it. Manuals typically advise:

• Periodically cleaning and/or changing the spark plugs

• Cleaning the screen on the spark arrestor

• Maintaining a sufficient amount of oil

• Changing the oil after a specified number of running hours

• Periodically cleaning and/or changing the air filter

If you will not be starting a portable generator for more than a month, add [easyazon_link identifier=”B000B68V6I” locale=”US” tag=”hometips”]fuel stabilizer[/easyazon_link] to the tank to keep the carburetor from getting gummed up. Many manufacturers recommend that you run the motor for about 10 minutes every two to three months.

If your generator has an electric starter, be sure to keep the battery charged so the generator will start when you need it. (If the battery does run down, most models allow you to start the generator with a hand pull.)

Keep the generator clean. Cover it to keep it dry. If it needs cleaning, avoid using a hose; use a soft brush, or wipe it with a barely damp cloth.


 

 

Setting Up a Portable Generator

Most portable emergency generators require a modest amount of assembly, including installing wheels. You will also need to add oil of the type recommended by the manufacturer. In general, if you expect to use the generator in cold weather, add 5W-30 oil; for running in moderate to hot weather, use 10W-30. Also be sure to use the recommended type of fuel—for instance, many models call for unleaded gasoline with an octane rating of 85 or higher and no more than 10% ethanol.

Be sure to have high-quality extension cords on hand. This one is a 100-foot 10/3-gauge with a power block. Photo: Coleman

Also, plan ahead. Remember that It will be much easier to do all the gathering of equipment and set-up when you have power—especially if an outage should occur after dark. Before you need to run the generator, plan where you will place it in the event of an outage, and determine where you will run the extension cords.

Never run a gas motor inside the home—it produces noxious carbon monoxide fumes that can be deadly. It can be run outside on a patio or driveway, in a shed or other outbuilding, or in a well-ventilated garage (with windows or the garage door open).

Also be aware that the generator’s noise can be irritating so, if possible, place the appliance out of earshot. Don’t plan to put the generator where it might be vulnerable to rain. Though generators can run for a short while in light mist, a downpour may render them inoperable.

Make a list of the appliances and lights you want to power in case of a power outage, and add up their wattages to make sure you will not overload the generator. Test the lengths of extension cords to be sure they will reach where you need them to and store them near the generator. Store plenty of gasoline or other fuels in safe containers that are easy to access.

Be sure to use heavy-duty extension cords, not lightweight household cords. Cords should, at a minimum, have 12-gauge wire; 10 gauge or thicker is preferable. Make sure all the cords are in sound condition, with no nicks in the insulation or exposed bare wire.

Do not attempt to hook up a portable generator to your home’s service panel. This type of generator is designed to supply a limited amount of power via extension cords. If you want a system that automatically supplies power during an outage, hire a professional to install a standby generator (see Alternatives to a Portable Emergency Generator).

If you want your generator to supply power to certain receptacles and appliances in your home without the need for multiple extension cords, have an electrician install a transfer switch in the home’s main service panel. After this transfer switch is installed, you just plug the generator into it to supply power to designated electrical circuits. Be aware that the generator will feed power to everything that is connected to those circuits, so you may have power delivered to certain appliances or lights that you don’t need to use.

Buy Portable Generators at Amazon

How to Run an Emergency Generator

Before running an emergency generator, read the article How to Set Up a Portable Emergency Generator. If you take the steps suggested in that article, you’ll be much better prepared to get the generator up and running quickly and easily.

To make sure your generator will start when you need it, maintain it in good shape and keep fresh gasoline on hand. Photo: © Lisa F. Young | Dreamstime.com

When setting up the generator, check the oil and fuel levels and top them off as needed. Roll the generator to the dry, well-ventilated place that you’ve chosen, and gather together the various extension cords you’ll need.

Start the generator before you attach the extension cords. Plug in the cords and then run them into the house. It’s okay for the cords to get wet, but any connections—for example, where you plug two cords together—must be kept dry. Adjust the motor’s speed as needed to sustain the appliances or lighting you want to power.

Consult your owner’s manual to determine how long the motor will run before you need to refuel. When you do refuel, first turn off the motor and unplug the cords. Wait a few minutes for the motor to cool down before adding the fuel.

If the power outage might last days rather than hours, plan your energy usage so you can give the motor a rest. Keep in mind that a refrigerator or freezer does not need to be run constantly, especially if you do not open the door often.[GARD align=”left”]

If possible, run a generator only one- quarter to one-half of the time. You might, for example, turn it off when everyone has gone to bed. Exceptions include a sump pump that needs to run continuously to clear out water in the basement or a furnace or gas boiler needed to heat the house on very cold nights.

Maintaining a Portable Generator

Nothing is more frustrating during a power outage than wheeling out your portable emergency generator only to discover that it won’t run.

A sturdy cover can protect your generator when it sits unused for long periods. Photo: Classic Accessories

Keeping a generator operable through the weeks or months when you don’t need it is critical. If you typically use your generator only once in a blue moon, strongly consider buying a cover for it to protect it from weather and debris.

First, consult the owner’s manual for proper maintenance directions so you can be confident the motor will start up when you need it. Manuals typically advise:

• Periodically cleaning and/or changing the spark plugs

• Cleaning the screen on the spark arrestor

• Maintaining a sufficient amount of oil

• Changing the oil after a specified number of running hours

• Periodically cleaning and/or changing the air filter[GARD align=”right”]

If you will not be starting a portable generator for more than a month, add fuel stabilizer to the tank to keep the carburetor from getting gummed up. Many manufacturers recommend that you run the motor for about 10 minutes every two to three months.

If your generator has an electric starter, be sure to keep the battery charged. (If the battery does run down, most models allow you to start the generator with a hand pull.)

Keep the generator clean. Cover it to keep it dry. If it needs cleaning, avoid using a hose; use a soft brush, or wipe it with a barely damp cloth.

Buy Portable Generators at Amazon

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